Publications

STEP has produced a substantial catalogue of reports, guidance documents, and fact sheets.  All STEP publications are available for download free of charge. Click on one of the tabs below to view publications by subject.

Choose your area of interest in Low Impact Development:

General Guidance and Tools
Bioretention and Rain Gardens
Green Roofs
Perforated Pipe Systems
Permeable Pavement
Rainwater Harvesting
Residential Stormwater Landscaping
Soakaways, Infiltration Trenches and Chambers

 

General Guidance & Tools

 

2016
Low Impact Development Stormwater Inspection and Maintenance Guide
Project webpage | Full Document
Appendix A: Accredited Soil Testing Laboratories in Ontario
Appendix B: Accredited Water Testing Laboratories in Ontario
Appendix C: Visual Indicator Protocols
Appendix D: Inspection Field Data Forms

 

2013
Assessment of Life Cycle Costs for Low Impact Development Stormwater Management Practices
Project webpage  |  Costing tool  |  Full report

 

2012
Stormwater Management Criteria
Project webpage  |  Full report

 

2010
Low Impact Development Stormwater Management Planning and Design Guide
Project webpage  |  Full report
Appendix A: BMP fact sheets
Appendix B: Landscape design guide
Appendix C: Site evaluation and soil testing protocol
Appendix D: Glossary of terms

 

2009
Preparing for the Impacts of Climate Change on Stormwater and Floodplain Management: A Review of Adaptation Plans and Practices
Full report  |  Executive summary

 

2009
Review of the Science and Practice of Stormwater Infiltration in Cold Climates
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

2007
Water Budget Discussion Paper
Full report

 

2006
Stormwater Management and Watercourse Impacts: The Need for a Water Balance Approach
Full report  |  Executive summary

 

2006
Action Plan for Sustainable Practices – Implementation Strategies for the Residential and Business Sectors in the Greater Toronto Area
Full report  |  Executive summary

 

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Bioretention & Rain Gardens

 

2015
Performance Comparison of Surface and Underground Stormwater Infiltration Practices
Project webpage | Technical Brief

 

2015
Hydrologic Assessment of Honda Campus’ Low Impact Development Stormwater Management Strategy – Markham, ON
Project webpage | Technical Brief

 

2014
Performance Evaluation of a Bioretention System – Earth Rangers, Vaughan
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary | Technical Brief

 

2010
LID Design and Planning Guide: Bioretention
Fact sheet  |  Design guidance

 

2008
Performance Evaluation of Permeable Pavement and a Bioretention Swale – Seneca College, King City, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary  |  Fact sheet

 

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Green Roofs

 

2010
LID Design and Planning Guide: Green Roofs
Fact sheet  |  Design guidance

 

2007
An Economic Analysis of Green Roofs: Evaluating the costs and savings to building owners in Toronto and surrounding regions
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary  |  Fact sheet

 

2006
Evaluation of an Extensive Greenroof – York University, Toronto, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Fact sheet

 

2005
HSP-F Modelling of a Greenroof Technology – Highland Creek Watershed
Project webpage  |  Full report

 

2005
Performance Evaluation of an Extensive Green Roof – Eastview Community Centre, Toronto, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report

 

2002
Energy Efficiency and Environmental Benefits of Rooftop Gardens
Project webpage  |  Full report

 

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Perforated Pipe Systems

 

2010
LID Design and Planning Guide: Perforated Pipe Systems
Fact sheet  |  Design guidance

 

2005
Clean Water Collector (CWC) System Implementation Report – Block 12 Development Lands City of Vaughan
Project webpage  |  Full report

 

2004
Performance Assessment of a Perforated Pipe Stormwater Exfiltration System – Toronto, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

2002
Performance Assessment of a Swale/Perforated Pipe Stormwater Infiltration System – Toronto, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

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Permeable Pavements

 

2015
Five-Year Evaluation of Permeable Pavements, Vaughan, ON
Phase I Report | Phase II Report | Technical BriefProject webpage

 

2015
Hydrologic Assessment of Honda Campus’ Low Impact Development Stormwater Management Strategy – Markham, ON
Project webpage  |  Technical Brief

 

2012
Evaluation of Permeable Pavements in Cold Climates – Kortright Centre, Vaughan
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

2010
LID Design and Planning Guide: Permeable Pavement
Fact sheet  |  Design guidance

 

2008
Performance Evaluation of Permeable Pavement and a Bioretention Swale – Seneca College, King City, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary  |  Fact sheet

 

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Rainwater Harvesting

 

2015
Hydrologic Assessment of Honda Campus’ Low Impact Development Stormwater Management Strategy – Markham, ON
Project webpage  |  Technical Brief

 

2011
Performance Evaluation of Rainwater Harvesting Systems – Toronto, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary  |  Technical Brief

 

2011
Rainwater Harvesting Design and Costing Tool
Excel 2007 and 2010 Versions  |  Excel 2003 and earlier version

 

2010
LID Design and Planning Guide: Rainwater Harvesting
Fact sheet  |  Design guidance

 

2010
Ontario Guidelines for Residential Rainwater Harvesting Systems
Guidelines  |  Handbook

 

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Residential Stormwater Landscaping

 

2013
Evaluation of Residential Lot Level Stormwater Management Practices
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary | Technical Brief EN | Technical Brief FR

 

2010
LID Design and Planning Guide: Downspout Disconnection
Fact sheet  |  Design guidance

 

2005
Clean Water Collector (CWC) System Implementation Report – Block 12 Development Lands City of Vaughan
Project webpage  |  Full report

 

2004
Performance Assessment of a Perforated Pipe Stormwater Exfiltration System – Toronto, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

2002
Performance Assessment of a Swale/Perforated Pipe Stormwater Infiltration System – Toronto, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

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Soakaways, Infiltration Chambers & Trenches

 

2015
Performance Comparison of Surface and Underground Stormwater Infiltration Practices
Project webpage | Technical Brief

 

2013
Evaluation of Residential Lot Level Stormwater Management Practices
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary | Technical Brief EN | Technical Brief FR

 

2013
Evaluation of Underground Stormwater Infiltration Systems
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Technical Brief

 

2010
LID Design and Planning Guide: Soakaways, Infiltration Trenches and Chambers
Fact sheet  |  Design guidance

 

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Choose your area of interest in Conventional Stormwater Management:

General Guidance
Constructed Wetlands
Detention Chambers
Flow Balancing Systems
Hydrodynamic Separators
Stormwater Management Ponds

 

General Guidance

 

2016
Approaches to Manage Regulatory Event Flow Increases Resulting from Urban Development
Full Report

 

2016
Inspection and Maintenance Guide for Stormwater Management Ponds and Constructed Wetlands
Project webpage  |  Full Guide

 

2012
Stormwater Management Criteria
Project webpage  |  Full report

 

2005
Synthesis of Monitoring Studies conducted under the SWAMP program
Full Report

 

2001
Stormwater Pollution Prevention Handbook
Handbook  |  Best practice fact sheets  |  Ontario case studies

 

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Constructed Wetlands

 

2003
Performance Assessment of an Open and Covered Stormwater Wetland System – Aurora, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

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Detention Chambers

 

2004
Performance Assessment of the Toronto Eastern Beaches Detention Tank – Toronto, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

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Flow Balancing Systems

 

2005
Performance Assessment of a Flow Balancing and Wetland Treatment System – Toronto, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

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Hydrodynamic Separators

 

2014
Procedure for Laboratory Testing of Oil-Grit Separators
Project webpage  |  Full report (rev. June 2014)

 

2012
Maintenance of Hydrodynamic Separators: Case Studies from Three Ontario Municipalities
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

2012
Characterization of Particle Size Distributions of Runoff from High Impervious Urban Catchments in the Greater Toronto Area
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

2004
Performance Assessment of Two Types of Oil and Grit Separator for Stormwater Management in Parking Lot Applications – Markham & Toronto, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

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Stormwater Management Ponds

 

2014
Rumble Pond Adaptive Stormwater Infrastructure Project
Project webpage  |  Project case study  |  Rumble Pond concept plan

 

2013
Evaluation of an Innovative Technique for Augmenting Stream Baseflows and Mitigating the Thermal Impacts of Stormwater
Ponds

Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

2005
Performance Assessment of a Flow Balancing and Wetland Treatment System – Toronto, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

2003
Performance Assessment of a Highway Stormwater Quality Retention Pond – Rouge River, Toronto, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

2002
Performance Assessment of a Pond-Wetland Stormwater Management Facility – Markham, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

2002
Performance Assessment of a Stormwater Retrofit Pond – Harding Park, Richmond Hill, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

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2014

Measurement of Evapotranspiration Across Different Land Cover Types in the Greater Toronto Area
Project webpage  |  Full Report

 

2012
Water Balance Guidelines for the Protection of Natural Features – DRAFT
Project webpage  |  Full report

 

2011
The Impacts of Urbanization on the Hydrology of Wetlands: A Literature Review
Project webpage  |  Full report

 

2009
Evaluating the Effectiveness of ‘Natural’ Channel Design Projects: An Introduction and Preliminary Assessment of Sites in TRCA’s Jurisdiction
Project webpage  |  Introduction and preliminary assessment of sites  |  Protocol for monitoring new sites

 

2004

Belt Width Delineation Procedures
Full report

2014
Procurement Guidance for Parking Lot Snow and Ice Management – Version 1.0
Project webpage  |  Full report

 

2001
Stormwater Pollution Prevention Handbook
Handbook  |  Best practice fact sheets  |  Ontario case studies

2011
Performance Evaluation of Rainwater Harvesting Systems – Toronto, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary  |  Technical Brief

 

2011
Rainwater Harvesting Design and Costing Tool
Excel 2007 and 2010 version |  Excel 2003 and earlier version

 

2010
LID Design and Planning Guide: Downspout Disconnection
Fact sheet  |  Design guidance

 

2010
LID Design and Planning Guide: Rainwater Harvesting
Fact sheet  |  Design guidance

 

2010
Ontario Guidelines for Residential Rainwater Harvesting Systems
Guidelines  |  Handbook

 

2005
Clean Water Collector (CWC) System Implementation Report – Block 12 Development Lands City of Vaughan
Project webpage  |  Full report

2014
Rumble Pond Adaptive Stormwater Infrastructure Project
Project webpage  |  Project case study  |  Rumble Pond concept plan

 

2013
Evaluation of an Innovative Technique for Augmenting Stream Baseflows and Mitigating the Thermal Impacts of Stormwater
Ponds

Project webpage  |  Final Report  |  Executive summary

2014
Polymer Backgrounder: The Nature, Efficacy and Safety of Polymers for Erosion and Sediment Control
Project webpage  |  Full report

 

2013
Anionic Polyacrylamide Application Guide for Urban Construction in Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report

 

2010
Evaluation of an Anionic Polymer for Treatment of Construction Runoff – Vaughan, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary  |  Technical brief

 

2009
Erosion and Sediment Control Practices Evaluation – Vaughan, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  ESC site inspection form

 

2008
Erosion and Sediment Control Inspection Guide
Send an email request for a hardcopy ($30 plus GST) |  Full report  |  ESC Site Inspection Form

 

2007
A Laboratory and Field Scale Evaluation of Compost Biofilters for Stormwater Management: Interim Report
Project webpage  |  Full report

 

2007
Full Scale Test of a Biofilter at the Outfall of a Construction Sediment Control Pond – Kleinburg, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report

 

2006
Erosion and Sediment Control Guideline for Urban Construction
Full report

 

2006
Evaluation of Design Criteria for Construction Sediment Control Ponds – Markham, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Fact sheet

 

2004
Assessment of Sediment Ponds to Protect Receiving Waters – Richmond Hill, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report


Choose your area of interest in Energy:

Renewable Energy
Geoexchange
Heating & Cooling
Energy Conservation
Archetype House

 

Renewable Energy

 

2016
Power Quality of Solar Photovoltaic Inverters, Vaughan, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report 

 

2015
Evaluation of an International Photovoltaic Module Power Rating Standard
Project Webpage  |  Full Report | Technical Brief

 

2015
Performance Evaluation of a 700 Watt Vertical Axis Wind Turbine
Project Webpage  | Technical Brief

 

2014
Technical Assessment of Small Wind Turbine Power Generation, Vaughan, ON
Project Webpage  |  Technical Brief

 

2013
Solar Neighbourhoods Pilot Project Technical Findings
Update Report

 

2013
Wilmar Court 37 kWt Solar Domestic Water Heating Installation
Project Profile | Final Report

 

2012
Horse Palace Photovoltaic Pilot Project
Project Profile | 2009 Findings Report | 2012 Update Report

 

2012
Performance Review of Rooftop Solar PV Projects
Full Report

 

2012
Loyalty One 163 kW PV Installation
Project Profile | Full Report

 

2012
Horgan Water Treatment Plant 86 kW PV Installation
Project Profile | Full Report

 

2012
9 Hanna Avenue Parking Garage 50 kW PV Installation
Project Profile | Full Report

 

2012
Earth Rangers 28 kW PV Installation
Project Profile | Full Report

 

2012
Neighbourhood Unitarian Universalist Congregation 25 kW PV Installation
Project Profile | Full Report

 

2012
2 Church Street Parking Garage 21 kW PV Installation
Project Profile | Full Report

 

2012
Fire Hall #334 3.2 kW PV Installation
Project Profile | Full Report

 

2012
Fire Hall #424 1.2 kW PV Installation
Project Profile | Full Report

 

2012
Fire Hall #212 12.5 kWt Solar Domestic Water Heating Installation
Project Profile | Final Report

 

2012
Fire Hall #231 12.5 kWt Solar Domestic Water Heating Installation
Project Profile | Final Report

 

2012
Performance Review of Four Public Outdoor Pool Solar Thermal Heating Systems in the City of Toronto
Full Report | Gihon Spring Project Profile | Park Lawn Project Profile | Rotary Project Profile | Weston Lions Project Profile

 

2012
Agincourt Recreation Centre Indoor Pool 166 kWt Solar Pool Heating Installation
Project Profile | Final Report

 

2012
Centennial Recreation Centre Indoor Pool 172 kWt Solar Pool Heating Installation
Project Profile | Final Report

 

2012
Central Maintenance Garage 369 kWt Solar Wall Air Heating Installation
Project Profile | Final Report

 

2012
Scadding Court 100 kWt Solar Wall Air Heating Installation
Project Profile | Final Report

 

2010
Evaluation of Solar-Assisted, Electric and Gas Golf Carts – Bathurst Glen, Richmond Hill, Ontario
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Fact sheet

 

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Geoexchange

 

2017
Geothermal Feasibility Assessment Guidance
Project webpage | Technical brief

 

2015
Performance of Urban Geoexchange Systems in the GTA
Project webpage  |  Full Report

 

2015
Owner and Operator Perspectives on Geoexchange Systems
Project webpage  |  Full Report

 

2015
Geoexchange Case Studies in the Greater Toronto Area
Project webpage  |  Del Ridge Homes  |  Earth Rangers Centre  |  Exhibition Place Press Building  |  Greater Toronto Airports Authority  |  Large Transportation  |  Region of Peel  |  Restoration Services Centre

 

2014
Evaluation of Vertical and Horizontal Loop Geoexchange Systems
Project webpage   |   Technical brief

 

2013
Performance Assessment of a Variable Capacity Air Source Heat Pump and a Horizontal Loop Coupled Ground Source Heat Pump System
Project webpage   |   Technical brief

 

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Heating & Cooling

 

2015
Thermal Comfort Assessment of Two Semi-Detached Houses, Vaughan, ON
Project webpage   |   Technical brief

2013
Performance Assessment of a Variable Capacity Air Source Heat Pump and a Horizontal Loop Coupled Ground Source Heat Pump System
Project webpage   |   Technical brief

 

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Energy Conservation

 

2015
Evaluation of a Residential Drain Water Heat Recovery Unit
Project webpage  |  Technical Brief

2012
Evaluation of a Residential Base Load Monitoring and Management System
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

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Archetype House

2013
Performance Assessment of a Variable Capacity Air Source Heat Pump and a Horizontal Loop Coupled Ground Source Heat Pump System
Project webpage  |  Technical brief

 

2012
Evaluation of a Residential Base Load Monitoring and Management System
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

2011
The Archetype Sustainable Houses: Overview of Design and Monitoring Systems – Living City Campus at Kortright, Vaughan
Project webpage  |  Full report  |  Executive summary

 

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